During its formative years, the Carians and also a sea-faring individuals who predated the Minoans jaded Kos. The island was later inhabited by the Dorians after the Battle of Troy in the 11th century B.C. Its abundant soil, beauty, and strategic location meant that it had been coveted by several over the span of history, along with its unique ago has been formed by the alternating foliage of several. Here are the best things!
The Beaches of Kos
Hippocrates Plane Tree
Now Kos is most famous for being the birthplace of Hippocrates, the father of medicine. Each year, countless people stands Kos Town and revere the Hippocrates Plane Tree, the tree that he once instructed under.
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It is one of the oldest trees in the Earth, and monumental in the cultural celebrations of Kos Island.
The island has been sprinkled with all archeological gems, some of which date back over 3000 years! These comprise castles, ancient temples, Roman theaters, and ancient agora. The Asklepion is the island’s most significant and site. It is the most eminent and earliest healing centers of the ancient world. Dedicated to the god Asklepius, son of Apollo and god of medicine and wellness, the Asklepion served as a therapeutic complicated to the Roman age.
Archaeological Museum of Kos
Kos’s culture has developed out of its rich heritage, the simple fact that it has changed hands numerous times, along with its proximity to Turkey. During the early years, Turkey and Kos enjoyed a friendly, logistical relationship oriented about commerce. But This soon evolved into a coveting on behalf of the Ottoman Empire. Kos eventually fell to the Ottomans, and their influence can be seen clearly in the design, today. This rocky history is overlooked in the sake of tourism, since traffic to Kos enjoy daytrips to the Turkey through the ferry services of the Kos Town.
Castle of Antimachia
Located just off the western coast of Turkey, a view of Kos boasts waters back dropped by abundant, mountainous land. The next biggest island of the Dodecanese Greek island chain, Kos’s landscape and geography are one of the very convincing reasons to go to the island. The fresh island air has a good quality; whereas picturesque mountain villages, the sunshine, along with beach towns are the choice for honeymooners and couples.
Kos’s climate is Mediterranean. Mild winters and hot summers make arranging a trip. You can trust sunlight between October and May, with the hottest months being July and August. In this time period temperatures may reach as large as 95 degrees Fahrenheit! January is Kos’s coldest month, with temperatures. Tourism does die down a little outside of the summer months, although kos is year round. Budgeters should note that season rates are more economical and may use as late as June. Here are the best things. Lets begin with Kos Town!
Located directly in front of the Castle of the Knights is Your famous Hippocrates Plane Tree.
Hippocrates is recognized as the founder of medicine, and it is renowned as the world’s very respected doctor! Born in Kos in 460 B.C., he was also known for his teachings and humanitarianism. For this day, medical graduates from around the world recite the Hippocratic Oath and use it as a principle in their medical procedures. The Medical School of Kos houses roughly 60 volumes of writings by Hippocrates.
The Hippocrates Plane Tree is renowned for being the tree which Hippocrates educated under. It is one of the earliest in the world, and one of the greatest in all of Europe with a perimeter of more than 39 feet. Locals believe the tree to have been planted by the father of medicine himself. According to legend, the Apostle Paul used the tree shade for his lessons. It is at the epicenter of several of the cultural festivities of Kos during the summertime. Seeing the tree is free of charge.
Affectionately dubbed Kos Castle by visitors and locals alike, Even the Nerantizia Castle, overlooks the island’s primary sanctuary and Kos town. It is the first thing that you notice as you approach the island and what a rewarding opinion it is! The castle was built by the Knights of Saint John in their reign between 1512 and 1314. While the outside was not finished until 1748, the exterior has been at long last finished in 1524.
Nerantizia was built adjacent to Halikarnassos Castle about the coast. Both were in cahoots to restrain the straits between Kos and Turkey. Within Nerantizia, many construction are still intact. The sections are the primary entrance with gate that is portable and its own three arched bridges, and the Tower of Del Caretto in the section.
Tourists should not miss the chance to go through the castle firsthand and also have uninhibited access to the perimeter. Be sure to make a camera since Nerantiza offers views of Kos harbor. The castle is open daily from 8 pm to 7 pm, and Mondays from 1:30 p.m. to seven pm Admission is $3.
The Ancient Agora, or marketplace, is a excavation area included in a succession of ruins dating back to the fourth century B.C.. It is conveniently located next to the port, and bordered by a wall that is more than 60 feet in length and eight feet tall. The Agoria features a shrine to Aphrodite, and the ruins of a temple which has been potentially committed to Hercules once the island’s primary trading centre.
The columns of this stoa, or covered walkway, date back to the third century B.C.. The marketplace that once dominated the area has been located alongside the port, Kos Town, Kos’s economic backbone. The Agora was the motion of products that are local and an ideal spot for trading. The Agora destroys are located to the south east of their Kos Castle and next to that which the locals affectionately refer to as”the bar street.” The Agora is available daily and admission is absolutely free of charge.
Kos’s Roman Odeon is a famous theater dating back to the next or second century. It is easy to envision the grandiosity of this theatre’s prime. According to ancient inscriptions, the precedent building which was used for assemblies and served as the council chamber was substituted by the theater. It had been constructed between the second and first century A.D. for the role of hosting music competitions, festivals, and theatrical props.
The Odeon was roofed and had seating for as many as 750 people. A number of the front rows that are first are still intact, though much of this site has gotten a wonderful deal of restoration. The first nine rows reserved for higher classes and royalty and were carved of marble, rows that were following designated for individuals of a diminished standing and were carved of granite.
The excavations were completed with a Italian archeologist, and restorations lasted into the 1990s. A small museum is on site that features before and after pictures, in addition to images of the harm in the 1933 earthquake. There are also ruins of a local bathhouse and Roman health which were found together with the theater in the early 20th century. Visitors should remember that the measures are steep and might pose a challenge. A trip to the Odeon can be combined with a trip to the local Roman villa. The Roman Odeon is available daily and admission is absolutely free of charge.
The building that houses the Archaeological Museum of Kos was constructed in 1935. It is identified for the architecture. The museum displays findings in the 20th along with 21st century excavations of the islands of Kos and Rhodes, in addition to a few of the bigger Dodecanese Islands. A impressive timespan is covered by the findings, throughout Venetian times, and Roman. Will be mosaics, statues in prehistoric pottery, the site and metal objects, and gold coins.
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Famous pieces include a statue of Hippocrates, Bits of the Minds of Demeter along with Alexander the Great, a Demonstrating Dionysus, along with the statue of Diana and Asklepius.
Many of these bits are in remarkably outstanding conditional. The museum regularly hosts educational plans to orient people and students inside this island’s extensive history and distinctive culture. The memorial is open daily from 8 pm to 8 pm, shut on Mondays. Entry is $3.
Now we head around the island:
Located just two and half miles beyond Kos, the Asklepion is the archaeological site on the island. This was son of Apollo, this god Asklepius’ healing centre and god of medicine. Frequently referred to as a”Jesus Christ figure,” Greek mythology says that Asklepius was effective at raising the dead and curing sick people by looking in the shape of a serpent in the evening. The symbol of a snake wrapped around a scepter is known as the symbol for medicine as today.
The Asklepion in Kos, though not the only one of its kind, is one of the biggest recovery centers of the ancient world. It served as a sanatorium dedicated curing the sick with remedies and therapeutic therapies.
Himself educated here, together with many other historic figures that were significant. Excavations discovered the four degrees that comprised the Asklepion, one of which was used as a spa, and began in 1902. The healing waters were supplied by nearby springs out of Mount Dikeo . Visitors will be able to walk freely around the complex admiring the strikes.
Permit to visit the Asklepion. Baths and a are located near the entrance for your convenience. Hours of operation are Tuesday to Sunday from 8:30 a.m. to 3 pm (closed on Mondays). Entry is $4.80. Parking is absolutely free of charge.
Antimachia’s Castle rests scenically to a hill. Constructed in the 14th century by The Order of The Knights of Saint John around exactly the same time as Nerantzia Castle, the outside fortifications have tremendously spanned the centuries and many attacks. This is due to the location amongst rocky terrain and ravines. Construction was finished in the 15th century, with the only entrance to the castle located on the northern side. The entrance is guarded by striking gates and marked by a marble relief from this logo of the Order of Saint John dated 1494.
The stays inside of the castle are somewhat sparse, though the two Venetian churches, Agios Nikolaos (16th century) and Agia Paraskevi (18th century), are definitely worth exploring. There are stays of dwellings and cisterns, though there’s little left besides their own bases. A trip to Antimachia gives a glimpse into some views of the strait that separates Turkey along with Kos, in addition to a few of the exciting areas of the interesting history of Kos.
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The castle isn’t shaded, so during the summer months it is best to visit to prevent the midday heat. Consider stopping over in Antimachia village if you have some spare time. It is characterized with its traditional narrow roads and windmills.
Located twenty-five kilometers and available through the public bus system, is the treasured classic town of Kefalos. It is an attractive town that stretches down a hill on this island’s west side, bookending the island with Kos Town in the east. Great for those seeking a serene escape are lined with churches and houses built in the style of traditional Greek architecture.
The Conventional House houses a folk museum that shows pictographic recreations of the town during its formative years, complete with the castle and windmills as it might have seemed during its glory days. It is a sleepy, yet small town with just 2,500 permanent residents, many of whom make a living from the thriving tourism market of their town today.
Every year in February and March Kefalos hosts its very own carnival, where Greek and international vacationers flock to enjoy drinking, local cuisine, and dance. In addition, Kefalos hosts the annual Festival of Tratas in which a Greek anise beverage that is standard, ouzo, is honored. Kefalos Beach distinguishes itself with its magnificent history of the islands of Castri and Agios Theologos in the other shores of Kos.
Situated 2 miles from Kos Town and 14 kilometers out of the town of Antimachia, is now the town of Mastichari. It is a great location to sample fresh seafood in one of the local tavernas. Fishermen fill the harbor daily in order to give the local tavernas and towns along with their catches. The annual Mastichari Wine Festival, held every August, is a major hit with tourists. As the signature event of Mastichari, it is perfect for all those with an enthusiasm for music and delicacies, along with an appreciation for wines.
A brief distance inland is just one of Mastichari’s most praised architectural gems, the Early Christian Basilica. Its most notable characteristic is its beautiful flooring. Mastichari Beach is suitable for swimming swimming, and watersports. There are a large array of watersports, though windsurfers commonly praise its choppy waters.
People should think about heading to Mastichari’s Lido Waterpark. Attractions include a wave pool and a lazy river, both of which are ideal for sponsors of all ages. Adults will enjoy their one of a type therapeutic fish pool or the Jacuzzi. Mastichari functions as Kos’s gateway together using ferries daily out of this port, to the island of Kalymnos. Buses run from Kos Town to Mastichari.
Pyli is a island village which has a community population that is tiny. Is a home which has remained nearly untouched for the last 70 years, that your Pyliotiko Spiti. It has just 3 rooms: family room a kitchen, and bedroom, which provide people a sense of what it was like to live ahead of the island’s growth and flourish in tourism on Kos.
The town of Pyli itself has little to offer outside of its charisma, spring water fountain, Pyliotiko Spiti, along with the principal square with tavernas and its own coffee houses. Just a brief distance away are the ruins of Old Pyli. As you can, then ditch the car drive up to the hills and trek around for around 30 minutes. Keep in mind that the increase is steep and might pose a challenge to get a few!
Here you will see some ruins, including the Crusader’s Castle. The castle was constructed by the Byzantine Empire during the Macedonian Dynasty, which dominated Kos in the 9th to 11th centuries. The Knights of Saint John as a defense station later used it. Excavations and restorations are happening today.
Plaka Forest is a five-minute driveway in the Kos airport. Lucky visitors will have the chance to see the countless tortoises along with peacocks that float during the shaded park. This peaceful tree woods rests.
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Great for families, it’s an abundance of picnic tables and space to playwith. Organize a BBQ, hunt for peacock feathers, or delight in the fresh air. A thirty-minute driveway from Kos Town, it is not difficult to find through the main road heading towards Kefalos. When you drive in, you can park your car for free. Plaka Forest is available daily from sunrise to sunset.
Zia Village is located ten miles north west of Kos Town located away in the foliage of the woods that stretches the expanse of Dikeo Mountain up. Zia is home to the earliest watermill around the island and is renowned for the sunsets. Its stunning location makes it a major hit with both Greek and international tourists. Zia is the location for sampling genuine food at one of the local tavernas, of which the best are based around the main square and a traditional mountain village.
You are greeted by three churches at the entrance to the village. Shortly afterward you may come to Zia’s primary road, which will be lined selling all to natural sponges out of infused olive oils. Thyme honey is a convention. Many shops offer you free samples, so there’s no excuse to never try this cure that is local! From the village, there’s a road leading up to the highest point on the staircase. From here visitors may take in gorgeous views Kos of all.
Individuals of Kos are proud of their winemaking legacy, and with good reason! Kos has been producing wine since well until 500 B.C.. In fact, Hippocrates himself informed of the consumption of wine’s wellness advantages. The rich volcanic soil of the island is perfect for growing grapes. Many of wines have been sought out by wine connoisseurs, and a few have won international awards.
Triantafyllopoulos Winery is Situated in Miniera near the village of Asfendiou.
The winery grows indigenous and cosmopolitan grape types on its 50-acre estate that is picturesque. The soil of this area is supposedly the most suitable and fertile of this island, and the Triantafyllopoulos household is devoted to their craft. A trip to this vineyard is perfect for those that are interested in understanding culture and heritage and both wine enthusiasts.
Only a handful of those wines depart the island, and most are impossible to attain outside of Greece, so be sure to stock up on your favorites. Tours are offered and people should not miss out on the chance to test their Malagouzia Sauvignon Blanc that is enviable. The winery is available Monday to Saturday until 3:30 p.m.
Camel Beach got its name on the shoreline, which, when seen from the ocean, looks like a camel for its rock. The seas are calm and perfect for swimming in the event you do not mind they’re a little cold. With shading umbrellas, the beach itself is slightly off the grid, though there’s nearby parking and a couple of beach chairs.
Kardamena is one of the most popular beaches of Kos. It supplies a stretch of white sand beach along with an abundance of opportunities. Kardamena village is quaint, with clusters of houses pushed right up from the line that is brief, along with also docks lined by fishing boats that are local. Additionally, the archeological site The Temple of Apollo is local.
Paradise Beach is located adjacent to the village of Kefalos, and roughly 19 kilometers . The shoreline has a lot of sunbeds and umbrellas, in addition to a watersports centre. Paradise’s waters are equally warm beautiful, and clear. Occasionally referred to as Bubble Beach, guests should think about snorkeling to see the bubbles resulting from Nisyros Island’s volcano.
Therma Beach got its name for the hot spring. The beach itself is very brief and lined with stripes that were dark with all the spring located at the front end. Its waters are therapeutic and may reach temperatures as large as 108 degrees Fahrenheit. Since the water tends to stain your clothing Put on a dark bathing suit. Visitors should walk to reach the shore. Mules are available.
Situated just shy of seven miles in Kos Town, Tigaki beach is adorned with waters and a hotels, restaurants, and shops. There are loads of sunbeds and umbrellas available, and its waters are great for children. It is a favorite amongst the locals, and there are tons of chances for the active visitor.
Nine miles to the west of Kos Town and two and half miles north of Pyli is the relaxing beach of Marmari. Marmari’s warm ponds and seas tempt the lazy sunbather . The shoreline is home to numerous yummy tavernas and businesses currently offering waterspouts.
Make sure you add Kos to the list, if you are arranging a Greek island escape! Though little, Kos has many sites to respect and a distinguished history. The island’s legacy is namely associated with Hippocrates, the father of medicine. Here, Hippocrates raised has been born, and educated many of the pupils under a Plane Tree, which still stands today in Kos Old Town. This quaint district is a superb spot to spot Venetian-era and Hellenistic buildings. Venturing further from Kos Old Town will reveal the most striking destroy of the island and structures, the Asklepion.
Kos is home to a healing center devoted to the Greek god Asklepius, the god of medicine. The Asklepion was one of the planet’s first hospitals and strategically built near normal water springs, and also the Greeks believed healing properties that are owned. Visitors may tour the grounds and get an idea of how modern medicine began to evolve.
For lovers of sea and sand, Kos doesn’t disappoint. The island boasts harbors that are beautiful and beaches. Therma Beach is striking with its stark black stripes and hot springs. A day trip to a few of standard villages is a wonderful chance to taste genuine, delicious food and shop for memorabilia. Of all the actions that I experienced during my trip here Plaka Forest and Triantafyllopoulos Winery were my favorites. Who knew you could spot a peacock, do a wine tasting, and then go swimming all in one day?
Time zone: GMT +2:00
Official language: Greek
Currency: Euro (€)
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Getting there: Kos can be reached by plane or ferry. The Kos International Airport Hippocrates is conveniently located in the center of this island. Aegean Airlines and olympic Air offer daily flights. During in August and July, Astra Airlines provides the support of flights in Thessaloniki. Ryanair provides year round flights in Milan-Bergamo and Frankfurt-Hahn along using speeds as low as $30 to get a return flight. Bus programs from the airport to Kos Town and Mastichari revolve around Ryan Air flight programs. Ferry services are available from neighboring islands: Syros, Rhodos, Patmos, Leros, Kalymnos, Santorini and Piraeus. It is also possible to take a ferry from one of those Turkish coastal towns of Bodrum and Datça. From Turkey, a fare will cost between $28 and $30 and a valid passport is required for traveling. During winter months, visitors should remember that they might need to contend with a ferry program that is diminished.
Getting around: All the sights in the Old Town are walking distance from each other. Parking can be a bit of a challenge the district was not built for automobiles along with since lots of the roads are one-ways. The good thing is that once you do find a room, parking is absolutely free of charge. Particularly when visiting, bicycle rentals are a favorite way of transportation.
Public bus transport is dependable and inexpensive. Stops on the bus route comprise Kos Town, Zia, Mastichari, Antimachia, Kardamena, Kefalos / Paradise Beach, Tigaki, Pyli, Marmari as well as the airport. Tickets are purchased on the bus.
The island’s Tourist Train delivers twenty-minute guided tours working its way by lots of the attractions and beginning at the Municipality Building: the principal square, marina area, beaches view points, and sites. The train runs daily from 9 a.m. to five p.m. except on Mondays. It is five euros to get a yearlong ticket, and may be purchased as you can board.
Taxis are available 24 hours each day and deliveries include taxation. Expect to pay approximately $34 one-way in the airport to Kos Town. We suggest renting a car if you want to find out over Kos Old Town, since transportation costs can add up.
Inter island Journey: Kos is Linked with Piraeus (Athens), Kalymnos, Rhodes, Nisyros, Astypalea, Tilos, Paros, Naxos, Patmos, Leros, Syros and Kastelorizo with Blue Star Ferries.
Another Huge company is Dodekanisos Seaways, which operates two programs:
Amorgos Ferries Joins Kos Together with Symi, Tilos, Nisyros, Rhodes, and Kalymnos.
Finally you may get on nearby boats, which depart from Kos and head to islands of Nisyros, Kalymnos, Ikaria, Fournoi, Leros, Agathonisi and even Astypalea. The local boats will transport travelers in times of awful weather when the bigger carriers won’t and do not adhere to the programs of the carriers that are bigger.
Please specify if you will be traveling at time of booking along with your vehicle. In many cases, the ferries are first come first serve, so pre-booking isn’t required; simply show up before your ferry to the port a hour. To find out more, speak to the Kos Port Authority.
Yacht charters: Kos is an excellent starting point from which to charter a yacht, catamaran, or sailing vessel to find the rest of the Dodecanese islands. There are excellent fishing sales in Greece.
Business hours: Standard business hours are Monday to Saturday from 8% to 2:30 p.m. and then from 5:30 p.m. to 8:30 p.m. Most businesses are closed on Sundays. At Kos Town and during high season (summer), those hours may be longer. Banking hours are Monday to Thursday from 8% to 2:30 p.m. and Fridays from 8% to two p.m. Larger and worldwide branches may have evening and Saturday hours.
Shopping: Kos Island is best known for its wine and local delicacies. Look at picking up some wine at Triantafyllopoulos Vineyard, or even a jar of honey in the village of Zia. Diehard shoppers should think about heading to get a day to benefit from their prices on designer-inspired product and crafts and arts in the pedestrian-friendly Old Town Bazaar and the Tuesday marketplace.
Electricity: 220-240 Volts.
Electrical sockets require the European 2-pin around plug. To get 110-120 V (U.S. and Canada) appliances, a plug jack, and sometimes a voltage converter is needed.
Best time to go: The most popular and hottest months to visit are July and August, though tourist season is officially May through October. During holidays, rates are more economical. Reduced rates are occasionally provided as June.
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